BLACK HISTORY, Oskron III, Takelot III, Rudamun, Pedubastis II, Iuput II, Oskron IV, Tefnakht , Bikharis, Neferirkare, Kashta, Piye, Shabako, Shebitku, Taharqa, Tanutamun, Necho I, Apries, Amasis, Nectanebo I, Teos, Nectanebo II







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XXIX, XXX, DYNASTY, Harsiese, Takelot II, Pedubastis, Iuput I


23rd Dynasty 816 - 722 B.C.E.

XXIII Dynasty 816 - 722 B.C.E

  • Harsiese 870 - 850 B.C.E.

  • Takelot II 850 - 816 B.C.E

  • Pedubastis 816 - 805 B.C.E.

  • Iuput I 805 - 800 B.C.E.

  • Oskron III 800 - 762 B.C.E.
  • Takelot III 762 - 755 B.C.E.
  • Rudamun 755 - 735 B.C.E.

  • Peftjauawybast 735 - 732 B.C.E.
  • Pedubastis II 732-730 B.C.E.
  • Iuput II 730 - 725 B.C.E.
  • Oskron IV 725 - 722 B.C.E.

24th Dynasty 722 - 716 B.C.E.

XXIV Dynasty 722 - 716 B.C.E


  • Tefnakht 722 - 719 B.C.E.
  • Bikharis 719 - 716 B.C.E

25th Dynasty 716 - 662 B.C.E.

XXV Dynasty 716 - 662 B.C.E

  • Kashta 716 - 715 B.C.E.

  • Piye 715 - 708 B.C.E

  • Shabako 708 - 700 B.C.E.

  • Shebitku 700 - 690 B.C.E.

  • Taharqa 690 - 664 B.C.E.
  • Tanutamun 664 - 662 B.C.E.

26th Dynasty 662 - 525 B.C.E.

XXVI Dynasty 662 - 525 B.C.E

  • Psammetichus I 664 - 610 B.C.E.
  • Necho I 610 - 595 B.C.E

  • Psammetichus II 595 - 589 B.C.E.
  • Apries 589 - 570 B.C.E

  • Amasis 570 - 526 B.C.E

  • Psammetichus III 526 - 525

Pharaoh shabaka
Shabaka succeeded his brother Piye on the throne, and adopted the throne name of the 6th-dynasty ruler Pepi II. Shabaka's reign was initially dated from 716 BC to 702 BC by Kenneth Kitchen.


However, new evidence indicates that Shabaka died around 707 or 706 BC because Sargon II (722–705 BC) of Assyria states in an official inscription at Tang-i Var (in Northwest Iran) — which is datable to 706 BC — that it was Shebitku, Shabaka's successor, who extradited Iamanni of Ashdod to him as king of Egypt. This view has been accepted by many Egyptologists today such as Aidan Dodson, Rolf Krauss, David Aston, and Karl Jansen-Winkeln among others because there is no concrete evidence for coregencies or internal political/regional divisions in the Nubian kingdom during the Twenty-fifth Dynasty. This point was also stressed by Dan'el Kahn in a 2006 article. All contemporary records suggest that the Nubian Pharaohs ruled Egypt with only a single king on the throne, while Taharqa states explicitly on one of his Kawa stelas that he assumed power only after the death of his brother, Shebitku.

Pharaoh Shabako
Pharaoh Taharqa

Shabaka's reign is significant because he consolidated the Nubian Kingdom's control over all of Egypt from Nubia down to the Delta region.


It also saw an enormous amount of building work undertaken throughout Egypt, especially at the city of Thebes, which he made the capital of his kingdom.


In Karnak he erected a pink granite statue of himself wearing the twin crowns of Egypt. Shabaka succeeded in preserving Egypt's independence from outside foreign powers especially the Assyrian empire under Sargon II.


The most famous relic from Shabaka's reign is the Shabaka stone which records several Old Kingdom documents that the king ordered preserved. Also notable is the Shabaka Gate, a large stone door unearthed by archeologists in 2011 and believed to have guarded the room where the king's treasures were stored.


Despite being relative newcomers to Egypt, Shabaka and his family were immensely interested in Egypt's past and the art of the period reflects their tastes which harked back to earlier periods. Shabaka would grant refuge to king Iamanni of Ashdod after the latter fled to Egypt following the suppression of his revolt by Assyria in 712 BC.

Pharaoh Shebitku

Pharaoh Taharqa
No statue of a pharaoh has ever been found further south of Egypt than this one. At the height of his reign, King Taharqa controlled an empire stretching from Sudan to the Levant.A massive, one ton, statue of Taharqa that was found deep in Sudan. Taharqa was a pharaoh of the 25th dynasty of Egypt and came to power ca. 690 BC, controlling an empire stretching from Sudan to the Levant.


The pharaohs of this dynasty were from Nubia – a territory located in modern day Sudan and southern Egypt. Taharqa’s rule was a high water mark for the 25th dynasty. By the end of his reign a conflict with the Assyrians had forced him to retreat south, back into Nubia – where he died in 664 BC. Egypt became an Assyrian vassal – eventually gaining independence during the 26th dynasty.


Taharqa’s successors were never able to retake Egypt. In addition to Taharqa’s statue, those of two of his successors - Senkamanisken and Aspelta – were found alongside. These two rulers controlled territory in Sudan, but not Egypt.Dr. Julie Anderson of the British Museum is the co-director for the Dangeil excavations.




Dr. Anderson confirmed that no statue of a pharaoh has ever been found further south of Egypt than this one. “That’s one reason it’s so exciting and very interesting,” she said. The discovery was such a surprise that one colleague of Anderson's didn't believe it at first saying that the statues “can’t possibly be (at) Dangeil.” Dangeil is near the fifth cataract of the Nile River, about 350 kilometres northeast of the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.


There was a settlement at the time of Taharqa, but little of it has been excavated. Most of the finds discovered at Dangeil, so far, date to the time of the Kingdom of Meroe (3rd century BC – 3rd century AD). While this is the furthest south that a pharaoh’s statue has been found, it doesn’t necessarily mean that Dangeil is the southern border of Taharqa’s empire. It’s possible that he controlled territory further up the Nile. The statue of Taharqa is truly monumental. “It’s a symbol of royal power,” said Dr. Anderson, an indicator that Dangeil was an “important royal city.”


Peftjauawybast, Psammetichus I, Psammetichus II, Psammetichus III, Cambyses, Darius I, Xerxes, Artaxerses I, Xerxes I, Darius II, Artaxerses II, Anmyrtaios, Nepherites





These blocks show the succession of kings from Intef I to Mentuhotep II and while Intef III's horus name is damaged, its position is certain.


Pharaoh Shebitku small


The absolute dating of Intef III's reign is less certain and several dates have been proposed:


Pharaoh Taharqa


2069–2061 BC, 2063–2055 BC and 2016–2009 BC.


27th, 28th, 29th and 30th Dynasty 525 - 342 B.C.E.


Dynasty XXVII Persian Invaders


28th Dynasty

Dynasty XXVIII



29th Dynasty

Dynasty XXIX


30th Dynasty

Dynasty XXX